You may try the following steps and let us know if it helps.
- Check first for possible file corruption by running the system file checker. Use the System File Checker tool to repair missing or corrupted system files.
- Try to download the Windows Update troubleshooter.
- Try creating a new user account. Install the updates using the new user account, then check if the applications will show up.
- If it works using the new user account, follow the steps on this link to fix corrupted user profile.
Keep us posted.